Cancers in Men
Cancer is a proliferation of cells. When cells begin to grow out of control in an area where more cells are not needed, then can come together and form a tumor. A tumor can be either benign or malignant. If it is cancer, it is malignant. But, even malignant tumors can be excised or reduced with treatment.
This is a cancer that gained more recognition with the diagnosis of bicyclist Lance Armstrong. The testes are the male reproductive glands that are housed in the scrotum. This is where sperm are created. Sperm, as you know, are the male sex cells.
The cancer can grow in one or both of the testes. There are three types of testicular cancer: stromal cell tumors, nonseminomas and seminomas. The causes are not known but this cancer has a survival rate of 95 percent when caught early.
Risk factors include: race (Caucasian), age (25-35), family history and abnormal testicular development (undescended testicle for example). Self-exams are helpful for discovering lumps in the testicular area. You don’t have to make a special point of doing it; just be aware of any changes when you bathe.
The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland that is found around the urethra. It can enlarge, causing urination to be painful or intermittent. This is called benign prostatic hypertrophy, or BPH.
Prostate cancer is often diagnosed in men over the age of 55. Prostate screenings begin at the age of 50 along with colonoscopies. The risk factors include being African-American, having a family history of prostate cancer and also eating fatty foods.
It may begin with an enlarged prostate and move on from there. If you have pain or burning when urinating, or blood in the urine, see a doctor for blood work and a physical exam.
This cancer can affect women and men. It is actually the third most common cancer in both. Colonoscopies are used to identify polyps early on so that they do not develop into a malignant spreading cancer. Early detection is the key.