Crossed eyes can begin as a lazy eye. The muscles of the eye are weak so that the eye doesn’t focus. Depending on the reason for the lazy eye, the eyes may appear crossed. Crossing of the eyes is termed “strabismus.”
Symptoms of Crossed Eyes
If you suspect that you have strabismus, then you may notice that you are experiencing:
* Double vision
* Trouble seeing out of one eye
* Eyes that move in opposite directions with one eye looking up, down, inward or outward
There can be a number of reasons that eyes appear crossed. It can have a lot to do with the muscles that hold the eyeball in place. A weak muscle on one side of the eye can cause the eyeball to drift. Sometimes the muscles are too tight and the eyeball seems fixed in one position. This can be perceived as a type of paralysis of the ocular muscles.
Crossing of the eyes can be treated. In children, an eye doctor may try a variety of options that are non-invasive to get the problem under control. The earlier the symptoms are noticed, the better the outcome may be.
An eye exam will let you know what options are available. One can be prescription glasses. The prescription may be stronger in one eye than the other to force both to focus together. The glasses may contain prism lenses to strengthen the eye.
Children may also be asked to use visual exercises. These may include covering one eye routinely and trying to focus on objects with the weaker eye.
One thing bears to be noted: Strabismus won’t go away on its own. A result of not seeking treatment can be that the brain may ignore signals from the rogue eye altogether. This will reduce the child’s vision to one eye. These corrective measures may reduce or correct the problem. In the event that the measures do not work then surgery may be warranted.
Strabismus surgery is used to physically align the eyes again. The eye surgeon will examine the child to see what the best way to accomplish this is. In strabismus surgery, the muscles that attach to the eye are repositioned to allow for proper focusing. Early correction when surgery is recommended can save the vision in that eye.