Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can cause serious conditions among men and women. Coronary disease, stroke, arteriosclerosis and other life threatening diseases can occur. More importantly, however, this condition can cause damage to your eyes as well.

The clinical term is called hypertensive retinopathy. Basically this means that high blood pressure causes damage to the retina. The blood vessels in our eyes are just as vulnerable to hypertension as the rest of our body.

Retinopathy can cause leakage in the blood vessels of the eyes and can lead to swelling, blurred vision and in some cases, loss of vision entirely. Diabetics are at an even higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. According to medical sources, “Nearly half of the people with known diabetes have some degree of diabetic retinopathy. The longer you have diabetes, the more likely it is you'll develop diabetic retinopathy.

Initially, most people with diabetic retinopathy experience only mild vision problems. But the condition can worsen and threaten your vision.” A frequent check-up for diabetics is recommended since early detection and treatment greatly reduces the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. Keeping a check on your blood pressure, sugar levels, and cholesterol also decrease the chances of you being at risk for this disease.

When you have high blood pressure, the incidents of damage to the blood vessels in the eyes are great. According to ophthalmologists, examination of the blood vessels can detect if there is leakage from the blood vessels. The doctor can also determine the degree to which the retina is damaged. The damage is assessed by grade.

For example, a grade one finding means there is no apparent symptoms. A grade four finding is the point at which retinopathy is present and the doctor can make this diagnosis based upon the swelling of the macula as well as the optic nerve. It is the swelling that causes a decrease in vision.

Hypertension is known as the silent killer. Exercise, proper nutrition, and frequent check-ups to determine the status of your health is important not only important to your mind and body, but to your eyes as well.

We live in a fast-paced world that requires us to do multiple tasks at one time. The stress caused by having to handle so many things simultaneously attributes to high blood pressure and the health problems it eventually causes.

It is important to become fully aware of any variation in your vision, and to gain as much knowledge as you can with regard to the complications that could arise from high blood pressure and its affect on all of the organs in the body.